1. 4大門徒
his four most famous disciples—Jois, Iyengar, Devi, and Krishnamacharya's son, T.K.V. Desikachar.
Krishnamacharya最有名的4大門徒-Pattabhi Jois 、B.K.S. Iyengar 、T.K.V. Desikachar(Krishnamacharya的兒子)及Indra Devi。 Indra Devi

*Krishnamacharya瑜珈系統是Iyengar, Ashtanga及 Viniyoga瑜珈系統的根源(Krishnamacharya-based styles)。
He never crossed an ocean, but Krishnamacharya's yoga has spread through Europe, Asia, and the Americas.
Rodney Yee, who appears in many popular videos, studied with Iyengar.
華人Rodney Yee出版許多瑜珈教學影像的瑜珈老師,他的老師是B.K.S. Iyengar。
Richard Hittleman, a well-known TV yogi of the 1970s, trained with Devi.
Richard Hittleman在1970年代很有名的電視瑜珈修行者,他的老師是Indra Devi。
The yoga world Krishnamacharya inherited at his birth in 1888.
his father initiated him into yoga at age five.
Sri Ramamohan Brahmachari, one of the few remaining hatha yoga masters.
他的瑜珈老師Sri Ramamohan Brahmachari是印度少數的哈達瑜珈大師
he lived with his spouse and three children in a remote cave.
he spent seven years with this teacher.
he mastered 3,000 asanas and developed some of his most remarkable skills, such as stopping his pulse.
Brahmachari asked his loyal student to return to his homeland to teach yoga and establish a household.
In the 1920s, teaching yoga wasn't profitable. Krishnamacharya was forced to take a job as a foreman at a coffee plantation.
To teach people about yoga, Krishnamacharya felt, he first had to get their attention. These demonstrations, included suspending his pulse, stopping cars with his bare hands, performing difficult asanas, and lifting heavy objects with his teeth.
Krishnamacharya's fortunes improved in 1931 when he received an invitation to teach at the Sanskrit College in Mysore.


Thus began one of Krishnamacharya's most fertile periods, during which he developed what is now known as Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga.
Krishnamacharya standardized the pose sequences into three series consisting of primary, intermediate, and advanced asanas.
Krishnamacharya將體位法標準化分成3級- primary, intermediate, 及 advanced 體位法。
Perhaps this method, originally designed for youngsters, provides our high-energy, outwardly-focused culture with an approachable gateway to a path of deeper spirituality.
Though Krishnamacharya developed this manner of performing yoga during the 1930s, it remained virtually unknown in the West for almost 40 years. Recently, it's become one of the most popular styles of yoga, mostly due to the work of one of Krishnamacharya's most faithful and famous students, K. Pattabhi Jois.
雖Krishnamacharya在1930年代發展此瑜珈系統,但在此後40年後西方世界仍不認識他。近來八支串聯瑜伽變成最受歡迎的瑜珈系統是因為其最忠實及有名的學生K. Pattabhi Jois.

4. K. Pattabhi Jois
As a robust boy of 12, Jois attended one of Krishnamacharya's lectures.
K. Pattabhi Jois在12歲時參加Krishnamacharya的演講
Jois asked Krishnamacharya to teach him yoga. Lessons started the next day, hours before the school bell rang, and continued every morning for three years until Jois left home to attend the Sanskrit College.
之後K. Pattabhi Jois要求Krishnamacharya教他瑜珈。隔天在上學前Jois開始學瑜珈持續3年一直到他到梵語大學教瑜珈課為止。

5. 瑜珈第一夫人Indra Devi
she was born Zhenia Labunskaia, in pre-Soviet Latvia
她出生在Zhenia Labunskaia前蘇聯 拉脫維亞
At first, Krishnamacharya refused to teach her. He told her that his school accepted neither foreigners nor women.
But Devi persisted, persuading the Maharaja to prevail on his Brahmin. Reluctantly, Krishnamacharya started her lessons
After a year-long apprenticeship, Krishnamacharya instructed Devi to become a yoga teacher.
Over the years after her studies with Krishnamacharya, Devi founded the first school of yoga in Shanghai, China, where Madame Chiang Kai-Shek became her student.
與Krishnamacharya又經一年的學習, Devi在中國上海成立第一所瑜珈學校,蔣介石先生的夫人亦是其學生

In 1947 she moved to the United States. Living in Hollywood, she became known as the "First Lady of Yoga,"
在1947年她搬到美國駐在好萊塢,成為有名的” 瑜珈第一夫人”
she moved to Argentina in 1985. Argentina's President Menem came for her blessings and advice.
Though Devi died in April, 2002 at the age of 102, her six yoga schools are still active in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Until three years ago, she still taught asanas.

6. B.K.S. Iyengar
Krishnamacharya's wife was Iyengar's sister
And, like Krishnamacharya, Iyengar never hesitated to innovate. He largely abandoned his mentor's vinyasa style of practice. Instead, he constantly researched the nature of internal alignment, considering the effect of every body part, even the skin, in developing each pose.
It's hard to imagine how our yoga would look without Iyengar's contributions, especially his precisely detailed, systematic articulation of each asana, his research into therapeutic applications, and his multi-tiered, rigorous training system which has produced so many influential teachers.

7. T.K.V. Desikachar
Although born into a family of yogis.
As a child, he ran away when his father asked him to do asanas.
After graduating from college with a degree in engineering.
He was en route to Delhi, where he'd been offered a good job with a European firm.
One morning, The car stopped and a middle-aged, European-looking woman sprang from the backseat, shouting "Professor, Professor!" She dashed up to Krishnamacharya, threw her arms around him, and hugged him.
When the woman left, "Why?!?" was all Desikachar could stammer. Krishnamacharya explained that the woman had been studying yoga with him. Thanks to Krishnamacharya's help, she had managed to fall asleep the previous evening without drugs for the first time in 20 years.
Perhaps Desikachar's reaction to this revelation was providence or karma; certainly, this evidence of the power of yoga provided a curious epiphany that changed his life forever. In an instant, he resolved to learn what his father knew.
Krishnamacharya didn't welcome his son's newfound interest in yoga. He rejected the Delhi job, found work at a local firm, and pestered his father for lessons.
Krishnamacharya required Desikachar to begin lessons at 3:30 every morning. Desikachar agreed to submit to his father's requirements .

The lessons were to go on for 28 years.



During the years of tutoring his son. He came to divide yoga practice into three stages representing youth, middle, and old age: First, develop muscular power and flexibility; second, maintain health during the years of working and raising a family; finally, go beyond the physical practice to focus on God.


1. 年輕-注重肌肉力量發展及柔軟度。

2. 中年-維持經多年工作及持家的健康保健。

3. 老年-除了身體鍛鍊外強調於神的方面

Desikachar realized that his father felt that every action should be an act of devotion, that every asana should lead toward inner calm. Krishnamacharya's emphasis on the breath was meant to convey spiritual implications along with physiological benefits. Krishnamacharya described the cycle of breath as an act of surrender: "Inhale, and God approaches you. Hold the inhalation, and God remains with you. Exhale, and you approach God. Hold the exhalation, and surrender to God."




During the last years of his life, Krishnamacharya introduced Vedic chanting into yoga practice, always adjusting the number of verses to match the time the student should hold the pose. This technique can help students maintain focus, and it also provides them with a step toward meditation.


Today Desikachar extends his father's legacy by overseeing the Krishnamacharya Yoga Mandiram in Chennai, India. In India, he's still better known as a healer than as a yogi. His organization provides yoga classes for children, including the disabled.